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Epidemiol Health > Accepted Articles
Epidemiology and Health 2017;e2017054.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017054    [Accepted] Published online November 15, 2017.
Factors Affecting Cognitive Function according to Gender in Community-dwelling Elderly Individuals
Kim miwon1  , Jeongmo Park2 
1Sangmyung University, Chungchungnamdo, Korea
2Kyung Women's University , Incheon, Korea
Correspondence  Kim miwon ,Tel: 041-550-5430, Fax: 041-550-5545, Email: kmw@smu.ac.kr
Submitted: October 10, 2017  Accepted after revision: November 5, 2017
Abstract
Objectives:
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender.
Method:
4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression.
Results:
There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled. Age, education, social activities, number of diseases, and alcohol consumption affected cognitive function through interaction with gender, but interaction with gender disappeared when education was controlled. Regression analysis showed that depression, cohabitant, social activities etc., had a significant impact on both men and women under controlled education and age. In men, the effect of social activities was greater than that of women, and only hyperlipidemia had the effect in women.
Conclusions:
The differences in gender-related cognitive functions were due to differences in gender education levels. The level of education is considered to have a great influence on cognitive function in relation to the economic level, occupation, and social activity.
Keywords: Cognitive function; Elderly; Gender


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