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Data profile

December 26, 2017


The current status of health data of Korean children and adolescents
Eunyoung Lee, Dahye Baik, Yoon Park, Moran Ki
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017059.

Original article

December 25, 2017


Field Epidemiology Training Program(FETP) in Korea, 16 Years (1999-2015) Experiences, and Challenges after 2015 MERS-CoV Outbreak
Moo Sik Lee, Eun-Young Kim, Sang-Won Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017058.

Original Article

December 11, 2017


Factors affecting satisfaction with cancer information provided through the social networking services of the National Cancer Information Center in Korea
Su Yeon Kye, Min Hee Lee, Jisu Yoo, Kyung Hee Oh, Jae Kwan Jun
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017057.

Methods

December 5, 2017


The unrealized potential: cohort effects and age-period-cohort analysis
Jongho Heo, Sun-Young Jeon, Chang-Mo Oh, Jongnam Hwang, Juhwan Oh, Youngtae Cho
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017056.

Original Article

November 25, 2017


Prevalence of goiter and associated factors among schoolchildren in northeast Ethiopia
Emebet Tigabu, Kindie Bantie Bekele, Berihun Assefa Dachew
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017055.

Current Issue
Volume 39; 2017
Data profile The current status of health data of Korean children and adolescents
Eunyoung Lee, Dahye Baik, Yoon Park, Moran Ki Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017059.
  • Abstract
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Original article Field Epidemiology Training Program(FETP) in Korea, 16 Years (1999-2015) Experiences, and Challenges after 2015 MERS-CoV Outbreak
Moo Sik Lee, Eun-Young Kim, Sang-Won Lee Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017058.
  • Abstract
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Abstract
The time of being child and adolescent is critical point to affect health status as an adult. Therefore, it is needed to analyze different factors which influence on the health of children and adolescents. In Korea, youth-related health data are broadly obtained not only in regional level but also in national level. This report summarized current status of studies related with Korean children and adolescents’ health. Data which offers open access include Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Study, Korean Youth Panel Survey, Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey, and Student Health Examination. Besides this, Health Examination of Korean Youth outside of School, Korean Children & Adolescents Obesity Cohort Study, Korean Children’s Environmental health study, Korea Youth Media Use and Harmful Environment Survey, Comprehensive Survey of Korean Youth, and Multicultural Adolescents Panel Study were summarized.
Abstract
배경 : 한국의 역학조사관 제도는 1999년 이는 신종 및 재출현 감염병에 대한 효과적인 대응을 위한 역학조사 전문 인력을 확보하기 위해 비교적 인력 수급이 용이한 공중보건의사 인력을 이용한 제도로 신설되어 시행되었다. 그러나 2015년 중동호흡기증후군(메르스) 발생을 격으면서 기존의 역학조사관 및 감염병 관리 제도의 운영상 한계점이 도출되었다. 연구목적 : 이 연구는 1999년 이후 16년간 한국에서 진행되어왔던 역학조사관 제도의 운영 현황자료, 각종 문헌, 행정보고서 등을 평가하고 바람직한 향후 역학조사관제도의 개선방향을 제시하고자 하였다. 결과 : 이 연구를 통하여 역학조사관 제도 및 교육프로그램의 평가 방법을 제시하고 향후 질병관리본부에서 자체적 평가의 방향을 제안함으로 역학조사 전문인력 양성을 위한 제도개선을 위한 근거 자료를 마련하였다. 또한 연구결과를 활용하여 보다 체계적인 감염병 관리 전문가 양성에 활용방안과 역학조사관 교육 프로그램의 체계적인, 단계적인 운영 기반을 구축하고 전략 개발을 위한 지속가능한 수행체계를 제안하였다. 결론 : 감염병에만 국한되지 않고 공중보건 전문인력 양성 및 역량 강화의 가이드라인 개정 및 전문교육기관 설립에 대한 가능성을 제안하였다.
Original Article Factors affecting satisfaction with cancer information provided through the social networking services of the National Cancer Information Center in Korea
Su Yeon Kye, Min Hee Lee, Jisu Yoo, Kyung Hee Oh, et al. Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017057.
  • Abstract
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  • Korean summary
Methods The unrealized potential: cohort effects and age-period-cohort analysis
Jongho Heo, Sun-Young Jeon, Chang-Mo Oh, Jongnam Hwang, et al. Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017056.
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
This study aimed to identify the characteristics of social networking service (SNS) users and to assess the relationship of those factors to user satisfaction with the SNSs of the National Cancer Information Center (NCIC) in South Korea.
METHODS:
A Web-based survey was completed by 1,670 users of the NCIC SNSs, who provided data on the sources they consulted for information about cancer, determinants of SNS use, sources of NCIC SNS awareness, the time of day they used the SNS, and their satisfaction level.
RESULTS:
Facebook users mainly became aware of the NCIC SNSs through an acquaintance’s recommendation, while Twitter was accessed through other SNSs or blogs. Users in their 30s were less satisfied with the NCIC SNSs than those in their teens and 20s. Browsing for cancer-related information on the Internet, prioritizing information quality, and engaging in active use were related to a high level of satisfaction with the NCIC SNSs. Individuals who were exposed to the NCIC SNSs through other SNSs or printed materials were less satisfied with their experience of the NCIC SNSs than those who received a recommendation from an acquaintance.
CONCLUSIONS:
These findings may act as a catalyst to guide public health agencies to enhance their use of SNSs.
Abstract
This study aims to provide a systematical introduction of age-period-cohort (APC) analysis to South Korean readers who are unfamiliar with this method (we provide an extended version of this study in Korean). As health data in South Korea has substantially accumulated, population-level studies that explore long-term trends of health status and health inequalities and identify macrosocial determinants of the trends are needed. Analyzing long-term trends requires to discern independent effects of age, period, and cohort using APC analysis. Most existing health and aging literature have used cross-sectional or short-term available panel data to identify age or period effects ignoring cohort effects. This under-use of APC analysis may be attributed to the identification (ID) problem caused by the perfect linear dependency across age, period, and cohort. This study explores recently developed three APC models to address the ID problem and adequately estimate the effects of A-P-C: intrinsic estimator-APC models for tabular age by period data; hierarchical cross-classified random effects models for repeated cross-sectional data; and hierarchical APC-growth curve models for accelerated longitudinal panel data. An analytic exemplar for each model was provided. APC analysis may contribute to identifying biological, historical, and socioeconomic determinants in long-term trends of health status and health inequalities as well as examining Korean’s aging trajectories and temporal trends of period and cohort effects. For designing effective health policies that improve Korean population’s health and reduce health inequalities, it is essential to understand independent effects of the three temporal factors by using the innovative APC models.
Original Article Prevalence of goiter and associated factors among schoolchildren in northeast Ethiopia
Emebet Tigabu, Kindie Bantie Bekele, Berihun Assefa Dachew Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017055.
  • Abstract
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Original article Factors Affecting Cognitive Function according to Gender in Community-dwelling Elderly Individuals
Kim miwon, Jeongmo Park Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017054.
  • Abstract
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  • Korean summary
Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
Goiter is a major public health problem, especially in developing countries such as Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of goiter among children in Waghimra Zone, northeast Ethiopia.
METHODS:
A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 8 to 25, 2015 in northeast Ethiopia. A multistage sampling method was used to select 454 schoolchildren. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Children were examined for the presence or absence of goiter based on the criteria of the United Nations Children’s Fund, International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency, and the World Health Organization. Salt samples from children’s homes were tested for iodine levels using a rapid iodized salt test kit. Data were entered into EpiInfo version 7 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fitted, and adjusted odds ratio (aOR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were computed to determine the level of significance.
RESULTS:
The prevalence of goiter was 62.1% (95% CI, 57.5 to 66.5%). Being female (aOR, 3.09; 95% CI, 1.57 to 6.08), having a family history of goiter (aOR, 5.18; 95% CI, 2.43 to 11.03), and using non-iodized salt (aOR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.12 to 4.38) were factors associated with goiter among schoolchildren.
CONCLUSIONS:
The prevalence of goiter was high. Being female and having a family history of goiter increased the risk of goiter in children, but using iodized salt was protective. Therefore, we recommend ensuring universal access to iodized salt and increasing the awareness of the community of the importance of iodized salt utilization.
Abstract
Objectives:
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender.
Method:
4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression.
Results:
There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled. Age, education, social activities, number of diseases, and alcohol consumption affected cognitive function through interaction with gender, but interaction with gender disappeared when education was controlled. Regression analysis showed that depression, cohabitant, social activities etc., had a significant impact on both men and women under controlled education and age. In men, the effect of social activities was greater than that of women, and only hyperlipidemia had the effect in women.
Conclusions:
The differences in gender-related cognitive functions were due to differences in gender education levels. The level of education is considered to have a great influence on cognitive function in relation to the economic level, occupation, and social activity.

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