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Epidemiol Health > Accepted Articles
Korean Journal of Epidemiology 2017;e2017040.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017040    [Accepted] Published online September 1, 2017.
Epidemiology and risk factors of voluntary poisoning by pesticides in 2008-2014, Morocco
Zineb Nabih1  , Latifa Amiar2  , Zakaria Abidli1  , Maria Windy3  , Abdelmajid Soulaymani1  , Abdelrhani Mokhtari1  , Rachida Soulaymani Bencheikh3,4 
1Laboratory of Genetics and Biometry, IbnTofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
2Faculty of Science and Technology , University Abdelmalek Essaadi Tangier- Morocco, Tangier, Morocco
3Moroccan Antipoison and Pharmacovigilance Center, Rabat, Morocco
4Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Rabat, Morocco
Correspondence  Zineb Nabih ,Tel: +212678803550, Fax: +212 537 32 94 33 , Email: zineb-na1@hotmail.fr
Submitted: July 22, 2017  Accepted after revision: September 1, 2017
Abstract
Objectives:
To determine the epidemiological profile of voluntary poisoning by pesticides, and determine the risk factors that may affect the life of patients.
Method:
A retrospective analysis using all cases of voluntary poisoning by pesticides collected at the Antipoison and Pharmacovigilance Center of Morocco between January 2008 and December 2014.
Results:
During the study period, 2 690 acute pesticides poisoning cases were collected. Most resulted from the province of Rabat-Salé Zemmour-Zaer with 598 cases. The average age of patients was 24.63 ± 10.29 years. The sex-ratio (female/male) was 0.45. The adults and the teenagers were the most concerned by this type of poisonings, with respectively, 1 667 cases (62%%) and 806 cases (30%). The distribution of the poisoning cases according to the circumstances showed that the suicidal circumstance was responsible for 98.4% of cases (2,469 cases). The pesticide poisoning occurs more often in urban zones with 64.8 Insecticides were incriminated in 14% of cases, with a lethality of 4.2%. Among the 1 635 patients for whom the evolution is known, 154 had died, with a lethality of 5.7%.
Conclusions:
Voluntary intoxication by pesticides presents a real scourge that affects public health, this study allowed us to draw up their epidemiological profile. Nevertheless, it has its limitations, because it does not evaluate the impact of the socio-economical and psychic factors that are important in this type of poisoning.
Keywords: Poisoning; Voluntary; Epidemiology; Fetality; Risk factors ; Morocco


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