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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 2017;e2017051.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017051    [Accepted] Published online November 9, 2017.
Differences in agricultural activities related to incidence of scrub typhus between Korea and Japan
Gyung-Jae Oh1  , Chang-Jin Ma2  , Gong-Unn Kang3  , Jeong-Mi Lee1  , Da-Un Lee1  , Hae-Sung Nam4  , So-Yeon Ryu5  , Young-Hoon Lee1 
1Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea
2Fukuoka Women’s University, Fukuoka, Japan
3Wonkwang Health Science University, Iksan, Korea
4Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
5Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence  Gyung-Jae Oh ,Tel: +82-63-850-6781, Fax: +82-63-855-1219, Email: pmokj@wku.ac.kr
Submitted: September 18, 2017  Accepted after revision: November 9, 2017
Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of this study is to establish a basis for improving or strengthening the preventive strategy against scrub typhus in Korea by comparing and analyzing the difference of prevention behaviors contributing to the occurrence of scrub typhus in both countries.
METHODS:
The survey area selected Jeonbuk province, which is a high risk and high incidence area, and Fukuoka prefecture, which is a high risk and low incidence area. The subjects were 406 in Korea and 216 in Japanese farmers. Data collection was conducted through face-to-face surveys by interviewers who completed standardized education.
RESULTS:
Korea farmers has a higher percentage of agriculture working posture that can be contacted with weeds than Japanese farmers (p<0.05). The frequency and proportion of weeding were lower in Korean farmers than in Japanese farmers (p<0.05). The level of knowledge about scrub typhus was significantly higher in Korean farmers than in Japanese farmers (p<0.05). Mostly, behavior of agriculture work were more appropriate for Japanese farmers than for Korean farmers (p<0.05). The level of agriculture work was higher in Japan than in Korea, higher in women than men, and higher in full-time farmers than in concurrent farmers (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS:
This study suggest that it is reasonable to develop and provide a program that can improve the level of preventive behavior taking into consideration the characteristics of the subject in order to reduce the incidence of diseases in high-risk area of scrub typhus.
Keywords: Scrub typhus; Knowledge; Agriculture; Korea; Japan
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