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3 "Health belief model"
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Original Articles
Predictors of anticipated coping behavior at myocardial infarction symptom onset among a nationwide sample of Korean adults
Kyong Sil Park
Epidemiol Health. 2021;43:e2021006.   Published online January 3, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021006
  • 11,198 View
  • 361 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This cross-sectional study based on the health belief model investigated predictors of anticipated coping behavior at myocardial infarction (MI) symptom onset using secondary data from the 2017 Korea Community Health Survey.
METHODS
Modifying variables (socioeconomic, health knowledge, perceived threat) were selected as independent variables and anticipated coping behavior at MI symptom onset as the dependent variable. Calling 911 was classified as the correct anticipated coping behavior, while visiting a hospital or an oriental hospital, calling family, and others were classified as incorrect.
RESULTS
Of 227,740 participants, 83.2% reported correct anticipated coping behaviors. The likelihood of calling 911 was low if participants experienced atypical symptoms (jaw, neck, back, arm, and shoulder pain), even if they were aware of those symptoms. However, 69.9% of participants who were aware of typical symptoms (chest pain) stated that they would call-911. Sex, age, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and awareness of MI symptoms affected the correct anticipated coping behavior.
CONCLUSIONS
Correct coping abilities among the general public are vitally important for early treatment of MI patients and reduction of hospitalization time. Members of the general public in their 20s and 30s, 60 years of age or older, with cardiovascular risk factors (male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity), and who are not aware of MI symptoms should be educated about the typical and atypical symptoms of MI. Emergency medical services should be called without delay if needed, and public relations activities should be carried out to raise awareness that anyone can use emergency medical services.
Summary
Korean summary
심근경색증 증상 발현 시 올바른 대처 행동을 위해 20-39세, 60세 이상, 남성, 고혈압, 이상지질혈증, 비만이 있는 대상자, 심근경색증 증상을 인지하지 못하는 대상자에게 심근경색증의 전형적, 비전형적 증상에 대해 교육해야 한다. 또한, 환자 발생 시 지체없이 응급의료서비스 신고해야하며, 누구나 응급의료서비스를 이용할 수 있도록 인식 전환을 위한 홍보활동을 시행해야 한다.
Key Message
Those in their 20s and 30s, 60 years of age or older, male, with cardiovascular risk factors, and who are not aware of MI symptoms should be educated about the typical and atypical symptoms of MI. Public relations activities should be carried out to raise awareness that anyone can use EMS.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Application of intensive management of risk awareness combined with cardiac rehabilitation nursing in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction and heart failure
    Xiaoli Yin, Cuiping Huang, Binglai Lin
    Medicine.2024; 103(20): e37381.     CrossRef
Why do some Korean parents hesitate to vaccinate their children?
Kyujin Chang, Soon Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2019;41:e2019031.   Published online July 9, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019031
  • 14,281 View
  • 296 Download
  • 17 Web of Science
  • 24 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Vaccinations for infectious diseases are opposed despite their achievement, and this opposition has recently been revealed in Korea. However, research in Korea has not been vigorous. The authors studied why some Korean parents hesitate to vaccinate their children by applying the health belief model.
METHODS
Parents who hesitate to vaccinate and parents who do not were surveyed in alternative education preschools and elementary schools. They were classified into four types of hesitancy and statistically compared.
RESULTS
Among the 129 subjects, 43 vaccinated without hesitancy, 20 vaccinated on time with hesitancy, 32 vaccinated with a deliberate delay of one month or longer, and 34 did not vaccinate. Vaccination increased with an increase in the awareness that severe outcomes can occur when unvaccinated. Concerns about adverse reactions from vaccinations or direct/indirect experiences affected refusal. Furthermore, perceptions of the lack of meaningfulness of vaccinations, distrust of policy and safety management, influence of leaders or activists in joined organizations, and experts of Korean traditional or alternative medicine affected refusal. Explanations by doctors, text messages and mails from institutions, and concerns about disadvantages caused by not complying with government policies increased vaccination.
CONCLUSIONS
The reasons for vaccine hesitancy and acceptance were similar to the results of international research. Health authorities and professionals should communicate sufficiently and appropriately with hesitant parents and find ways to rationally resolve social conflicts. However, this sample was small and there is little Korean research, so more in-depth and diverse researchs are needed.
Summary
Korean summary
한국에도 있는 일부 소아 예방접종 망설임 부모들이 왜 그렇게 생각하고 결정하는지, 대안교육시설에서 129명을 대상으로 연구하였다. 예방접종 부작용 우려나 경험, 의미 격하, 정책 및 안전관리 불신, 관련 활동가, 한의학이나 대체의학 전문가가 미접종에 영향을 주었다. 보건관계자들은 망설임 부모들과 충분하고 적절한 의사소통을 하여, 사회적 갈등을 합리적으로 해소하는 방안을 찾아야 한다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Ideological differences in COVID-19 vaccine intention: the effects of trust in the healthcare system, in complementary and alternative medicine, and perceived threat from the disease
    Monika Lamot, Katja Kerman, Andrej Kirbiš
    Frontiers in Psychology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Çocukluk Çağı Asılarının Kabulünü Etkileyen Faktörlerin İncelenmesi: Aşı Reddi
    Reyhan AYDIN DOĞAN, Yılmaz ALTUNER, Yıldız ÖĞÜTÜCÜ, Nazlıcan AYDOĞDU, Zeynep ELLİALTIOĞLU, İrem TUNÇ, Hilal ZORLU
    Sağlık Akademisi Kastamonu.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Toplumdaki Bireylerin Aşı Uygulamalarına Karşı Tutumları ile Covid-19 Salgını Sonrası Tutumlarının Belirlenmesi
    Berna BAYIR, Fatma Nur YAĞIZ, Rabia ÇAT, Gülnur ÇAT
    Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi.2023; 7(1): 38.     CrossRef
  • Gap between cognitions and behaviors among children’s guardians of influenza vaccination: The role of social influence and vaccine-related knowledge
    Jing Wu, Zheng Wei, Yingying Yang, Xiu Sun, Siyi Zhan, Qijing Jiang, Chuanxi Fu
    Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Maternal perceptions of vaccinating boys against human papillomavirus (HPV) in Seoul, South Korea: A descriptive exploratory qualitative study
    Jihye Choi, Christine Markham, Irene Tamí-Maury, Sooyoun Kim, Paula Cuccaro, Omar Enzo Santangelo
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(3): e0282811.     CrossRef
  • VACCINE HESITANCY OF PARENTS AND FAMILY MEMBERS OF CHILDREN AND THE CONTROL OF IMMUNOPREVENTABLE DISEASES
    Izabella da Silva Viana, Emília Gallindo Cursino, Priscila da Silva Miranda, Liliane Faria da Silva, Maria Estela Diniz Machado
    Cogitare Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • HESITAÇÃO VACINAL DE PAIS E FAMILIARES DE CRIANÇAS E O CONTROLE DAS DOENÇAS IMUNOPREVENÍVEIS
    Izabella da Silva Viana, Emília Gallindo Cursino, Priscila da Silva Miranda, Liliane Faria da Silva, Maria Estela Diniz Machado
    Cogitare Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • VACILACIÓN VACUNAL ENTRE LOS PADRES Y FAMILIARES DE LOS NIÑOS Y LA LUCHA CONTRA LAS ENFERMEDADES INMUNOPREVENIBLES
    Izabella da Silva Viana, Emília Gallindo Cursino, Priscila da Silva Miranda, Liliane Faria da Silva, Maria Estela Diniz Machado
    Cogitare Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hesitação vacinal em crianças menores de cinco anos: revisão de escopo
    Eugênio Barbosa de Melo Júnior, Priscilla Dantas Almeida, Beatriz Mourão Pereira, Paulo de Tarso Moura Borges, Elucir Gir, Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo
    Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Vaccination hesitation in children under five years of age: a scoping review
    Eugênio Barbosa de Melo Júnior, Priscilla Dantas Almeida, Beatriz Mourão Pereira, Paulo de Tarso Moura Borges, Elucir Gir, Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo
    Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • An Integrative Review of the Influence on Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Adherence among Adolescents
    Hyewon Shin, Sunyeob Choi, Ju-Young Lee
    Healthcare.2023; 11(18): 2534.     CrossRef
  • Vaccine hesitancy and emerging parental norms: A qualitative study in Taiwan
    Chen‐I Kuan
    Sociology of Health & Illness.2022; 44(3): 692.     CrossRef
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    Daphne Bussink-Voorend, Jeannine L. A. Hautvast, Lisa Vandeberg, Olga Visser, Marlies E. J. L. Hulscher
    Nature Human Behaviour.2022; 6(12): 1634.     CrossRef
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    Lauren Tostrud, Julia Thelen, Anna Palatnik
    Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Giulia Sesa, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Antonio Giangreco, John Middleton
    Public Health in Practice.2022; 4: 100345.     CrossRef
  • Çocukluk Çağı Aşı Tereddüdü ile Karşılaşma Sıklığı, Nedenleri ve Çözüm Önerileri: Samsun İli Aile Sağlığı Merkezlerindeki Sağlık Çalışanlarıyla Kesitsel Bir Çalışma
    Mehtap ALTUNTAŞ, Mustafa Kürşat ŞAHİN
    Turkish Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care.2022; 16(4): 761.     CrossRef
  • Physical and mental health characteristics related to trust in and intention to receive COVID-19 vaccination: results from a Korean community-based longitudinal study
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    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022064.     CrossRef
  • Paradoxical health care utilization patterns among children in Korea who did not receive mandatory pneumococcal vaccination
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    Vaccine.2021; 39(7): 1096.     CrossRef
  • Differential Demographic and Clinical Characteristics between MMR Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Children in South Korea: A Nationwide Study
    Dongwon Yoon, Juhwan Kim, Juyoung Shin
    Vaccines.2021; 9(6): 653.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of parental hesitancy to vaccinate their children against COVID-19 in China
    Mei-Xian Zhang, Xiao-Qing Lin, Yan Chen, Tao-Hsin Tung, Jian-Sheng Zhu
    Expert Review of Vaccines.2021; 20(10): 1339.     CrossRef
  • Aşı Karşıtı Tutumların Sosyokültürel ve Dinî Boyutları
    Talip DEMİR
    Tevilat.2021; 2(2): 271.     CrossRef
  • Examination of parents refusing administration of childhood vaccinations: Turkey example
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    CHILD`S HEALTH.2021; 16(3): 218.     CrossRef
  • Mapping global trends in vaccine confidence and investigating barriers to vaccine uptake: a large-scale retrospective temporal modelling study
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  • World Outbreak Trend of Infectious Diseases with Surveillance
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    Journal of Bacteriology and Virology.2019; 49(3): 141.     CrossRef
Factors Related to Health Behaviors of the People in an Urban Community: Based on the Health Belief Model.
Byung Mann Cho
Korean J Epidemiol. 1999;21(2):151-158.
  • 5,420 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
Variables derived from the health belief model were studied in relation to practices of health behavior, which was measured in terms of thoroughness. Data were collected from the sample of 984 adults living in A-Gu of Pusan, during in-home interviews using structured questionnaires. Women practiced more health behaviors than men. The significant negative relationship was found between perceived barriers to health behavior and practices of health behavior in men and women. In addition, emotional support in men and perceived benefits of health behavior in women were also significant predictors of health behaviors. These findings suggest that in the study population, perceived barriers is the most powerful predictor for practices of health behavior and social support is also important for facilitating positive health behaviors.
Summary

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health