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Epidemiol Health > Volume 43; 2021 > Article
Epidemiology and Health 2021;43: e2021050-0.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021050    Published online Aug 3, 2021.
Cancer incidence in the Tobruk area, eastern Libya: first results from Tobruk Medical Centre
Faisal Ismail1,2,3  , Ahmed G. Elsayed4  , Islam El-Garawani5  , Eman Abdelsameea6 
1Department of Laboratory, Faculty of Medical Technology, University of Tobruk, Tobruk, Libya
2National Centre for Disease Control, Tobruk, Libya
3Libyan Medical Research Centre, Kambut, Libya
4Pathology Department, Tobruk Medical Centre, Tobruk, Libya
5Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
6Hepatology and Gastroenterology Department, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Correspondence  Faisal Ismail ,Email: faisal.ismail@tu.edu.ly
Received: May 10, 2021  Accepted after revision: Aug 3, 2021
Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
Cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and it is an increasing problem in developing countries. Estimation of the incidence of cancer is important, especially in regions with limited epidemiological data on cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide an updated report on the incidence of cancers in the Tobruk region in eastern Libya.
METHODS:
Data on cancer patients from the records of the Department of Histopathology of Tobruk Medical Centre from January 2013 to June 2020 were included.
RESULTS:
In total, 402 cases were recorded. Men patients accounted for 30.3% (n=122) of cases, and women patients represented 69.6% (n=280). The overall mean age at the time of the first diagnosis was 49.0±17.1 years. The most common malignancies were breast and uterine cancer in women (18.4%, n=74; 15.9%, n=64, respectively), colorectal cancer (11.6%, n=47; 26 in women and 21 in men), bladder cancer (8.2%, n=33; 8 in women and 25 in men), and thyroid cancer (8.0%, n=32; 23 in women and 9 in men).
CONCLUSIONS:
Breast and uterine cancers were the most common cancers in women, and bladder and colorectal cancer were the most common cancers in men, followed by colorectal cancer in both genders. These data will help health authorities launch preventive plans for cancer in the region. Further studies to identify aetiological factors and cancer-related risk factors need to be conducted in the region.
Keywords: Cancer, Malignancy, Tumors, Cancer incidence, Libya, North Africa
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