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Original Articles
The Validity and Reliability of Characterizing Epilepsy Based on an External Review of Medical Records
Bong Su Kang, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Ki-Young Jung, Sang Hyeon Jang, Jae Kook Yoo, Dong Wook Kim, Soo-Eun Chung, Seo-Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013006.   Published online August 23, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013006
  • 18,065 View
  • 128 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
<sec><title>OBJECTIVES</title><p>Our goal is to validate diagnosing and characterizing epilepsy based on a medical record survey by external reviewers.</p></sec><sec><title>METHODS</title><p>We reviewed medical records from 80 patients who received antiepileptic drugs in 2009 at two hospitals. The study consisted of two steps; data abstraction by certified health record administrators and then verification by the investigators. The gold standard was the results of the survey performed by the epileptologists from their own hospital.</p></sec><sec><title>RESULTS</title><p>The specificity was more than 90.0% for diagnosis and activity, and for new-onset seizures. The sensitivity was 97.0% or more for diagnosis and activity and 66.7-75.0% for new-onset epilepsy. This method accurately classified epileptic syndromes in 90.2-92.9% of patients, causes in 85.4-92.7%, and age of onset in 78.0-81.0%. Kappa statistics for inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability ranged from 0.641-0.975, which means substantial to near-perfect agreement in all items.</p></sec><sec><title>CONCLUSIONS</title><p>Our data suggest that epilepsy can be well identified by external review of medical records. This method may be useful as a basis for large-scale epidemiological research.</p></sec>
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The association between early childhood onset epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 3237 children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): a historical longitudinal cohort data linkage study
    Lauren Carson, Valeria Parlatini, Tara Safa, Benjamin Baig, Hitesh Shetty, Jacqueline Phillips-Owen, Vibhore Prasad, Johnny Downs
    European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.2023; 32(11): 2129.     CrossRef
  • Risk of COVID-19 Infection and of Severe Complications Among People With Epilepsy
    Joonsang Yoo, Jee Hyun Kim, Jimin Jeon, Jinkwon Kim, Tae-Jin Song
    Neurology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The bumpy road to achieve reliability of clinical profile characteristics in psychosis and related disorders
    Steven Berendsen, Mirjam J. van Tricht, Amy Tedja, Thijs J. Burger, Mariken B. de Koning, Lieuwe de Haan
    International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Staging and profiling for schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Inter-rater reliability after a short training course
    Steven Berendsen, Jasper W. van der Paardt, Henricus L. Van, Marion van Bruggen, Hans Nusselder, Margje Jalink, Olav R. de Peuter, Jaap Peen, Mirjam J. van Tricht, Lieuwe de Haan
    Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry.2020; 99: 109856.     CrossRef
  • The new definition and classification of seizures and epilepsy
    Jessica J. Falco-Walter, Ingrid E. Scheffer, Robert S. Fisher
    Epilepsy Research.2018; 139: 73.     CrossRef
  • Presentation and management of community-onset vs hospital-onset first seizures
    Emma Foster, Sarah Holper, Zhibin Chen, Patrick Kwan
    Neurology Clinical Practice.2018; 8(5): 421.     CrossRef
  • Estimating the Prevalence of Treated Epilepsy Using Administrative Health Data and Its Validity: ESSENCE Study
    Seo-Young Lee, Soo-Eun Chung, Dong Wook Kim, So-Hee Eun, Hoon Chul Kang, Yong Won Cho, Sang Do Yi, Heung Dong Kim, Ki-Young Jung, Hae-Kwan Cheong
    Journal of Clinical Neurology.2016; 12(4): 434.     CrossRef
  • Early Antiretroviral Therapy Is Protective Against Epilepsy in Children With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Botswana
    David Bearden, Andrew P. Steenhoff, Dennis J. Dlugos, Dennis Kolson, Parth Mehta, Sudha Kessler, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Baphaleng Monokwane, Gabriel Anabwani, Gregory P. Bisson
    JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.2015; 69(2): 193.     CrossRef
  • Clinical characteristics of patients with treated epilepsy in Korea: A nationwide epidemiologic study
    Dong Wook Kim, Seo‐Young Lee, Soo‐Eun Chung, Hae‐Kwan Cheong, Ki‐Young Jung
    Epilepsia.2014; 55(1): 67.     CrossRef
Diagnostic accuracy of conventional Pap test, liquid-based cytology and human papillomavirus DNA testing in cervical cancer screening in Korea: a meta-analysis.
Jin Kyoung Oh, Hai Rim Shin, Gyungyub Gong, Jin Hee Sohn, Shin Kwang Khang
Korean J Epidemiol. 2008;30(2):178-187.   Published online December 31, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/kje.2008.30.2.178
  • 61,615 View
  • 82 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Pap test, liquid-based cytology (LBC), and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing used as screening methods for the early detection of cervical cancer in Korea. Materials and Methods: Articles reporting the sensitivity and specificity of each screening method that were published between 1995 and March 2008 were retrieved from MEDLINE and KoreaMed. A meta-analysis was conducted to calculate pooled estimates for the sensitivity and specificity of each method. Only cases with histological confirmation were included, and cervical cancer was defined as samples exhibiting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 or worse. In cytological tests, findings of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or worse were considered positive.
Results
Of the 24 studies, 15 studies of the Pap test, 3 studies of LBC, and 4 studies of HPV met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that the sensitivity was highest for LBC (92%), followed by HPV testing (83%) and the Pap test (76%), and the specificity of LBC was the highest (79%), followed by the Pap test (76%) and HPV testing (59%). However, except for the sensitivity of LBC (heterogeneity p-value = 0.682), significant heterogeneity was found among the results of the studies (heterogeneity p-value < 0.0001).
Discussion
Due to the significant heterogeneity among the studies, the results of this meta-analysis are limited in representing the accuracy of each test method. The accuracy and cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer screening methods should be further evaluated.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A prospective pilot evaluation of vaginal and urine self-sampling for the Roche cobas 4800 HPV test for cervical cancer screening
    Sang-Hyun Hwang, Hye Young Shin, Dong Ock Lee, Na Young Sung, Bomyee Lee, Do-Hoon Lee, Jae Kwan Jun
    Scientific Reports.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Unsatisfactory Samples from Conventional Smear versus Liquid-Based Cytology in Uterine Cervical Cancer Screening Test
    Hoiseon Jeong, Sung Ran Hong, Seoung-Wan Chae, So-Young Jin, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Juhie Lee, Eun Kyung Kim, Sook Tai Ha, Sung Nam Kim, Eun-Jung Park, Jong Jae Jung, Sun Hee Sung, Sung-chul Lim
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2017; 51(3): 314.     CrossRef
  • The performance of multimodal hyperspectral spectroscopy in the detection of precancerous cervical lesions
    Trahmono, N Lusiana, J Indarti
    Journal of Physics: Conference Series.2017; 884: 012152.     CrossRef
  • Usefulness of anti‐phosphohistone H3 immunoreactivity to determine mitotic rate in gastrointestinal stromal tumors
    Ahrong Kim, Dong Han Im, Kyungbin Kim, Jee Yeon Kim, Mee Young Sol, Jeong Hee Lee, Kyung Un Choi
    Basic and Applied Pathology.2012; 5(4): 91.     CrossRef

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