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Original Article
Associations of physical activity at work and household income with obesity: a cross-sectional study among rural adults in Korea
Su Yeon Kye, Heeyoun Cho, Tran Thi Phuong Thao, Jin-Kyoung Oh, Min Kyung Lim
Epidemiol Health. 2021;43:e2021003.   Published online December 29, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021003
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  • 408 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to identify the effect of physical activity at work on obesity and to analyze the contribution of socioeconomic factors and health behaviors to this association, which has been relatively little studied.
METHODS
From the Korean National Cancer Center Community Cohort, a total of 5,587 adults (2,125 men; 3,462 women) aged more than 30 years living in rural areas were enrolled. Information on socio-demographic factors, health behaviors, and body mass index was gathered using face-to-face interviews and measurements of height and weight.
RESULTS
Inverse associations were identified between vigorous-intensity physical activity at work and obesity in both men and women, while no association was found between vigorous-intensity physical activity during leisure time and obesity. High household income was independently associated with a lower risk of obesity among those who had low levels of vigorous-intensity physical activity at work. Vigorous physical activity at work showed an inverse association with obesity in rural areas where heavy manual labor is common.
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings indicate the necessity to account for various types of physical activity to improve the assessment and prevention of obesity.
Summary
Korean summary
신체활동의 종류에 따라 비만에 미치는 영향의 차이가 있는지를 보기 위하여 육체 노동이 많은 농촌지역 성인을 대상으로 직무신체활동과 비만과의 관련성을 다른 잠재요인을 보정하여 분석하였다. 남녀 모두에서 고강도 직무신체활동과 비만과의 역연관성이 확인된 반면 여가신체활동과 비만과의 연관성은 확인되지 않았다. 가구소득이 높은 경우 직무신체활동의 강도가 낮은 경우에도 비만과 역연관성을 보였다. 향후 비만 예방 및 중재 전략 수립 시 대상집단의 특성을 고려하여 다양한 종류의 신체활동에 대한 평가가 고려되어야 할 것이다.
Key Message
Regarding the inverse association of physical activity at work and household income with obesity identified in the study, various type of physical activity including physical activity at work and characteristics of target population might be concerned for assessment and prevention of obesity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The association between different types of physical activity and smoking behavior
    Jipeng Zhang, Yiwen Cao, Hongfei Mo, Rui Feng
    BMC Psychiatry.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Efectividad de la actividad física en la prevención y tratamiento de la obesidad: una revisión de la literatura
    Yudi Alexandra González, Diana Lucia Vega-Díaz
    Revista digital: Actividad Física y Deporte.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting quality of life in low‐income overweight and obese women: The mediating effects of health‐promoting behaviors
    Ju‐Hee Nho, Hye Young Kim, Eun Jin Kim
    Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing.2022; 19(3): 201.     CrossRef
  • Current status of health promotion in Korea
    Soo Young Kim
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2022; 65(12): 776.     CrossRef
Cohort Profile
The Korean social life, health and aging project-health examination cohort
Ju-Mi Lee, Won Joon Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Wungrak Choi, Jina Lee, Kiho Sung, Sang Hui Chu, Yeong-Ran Park, Yoosik Youm
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014003.   Published online May 13, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014003
  • 23,167 View
  • 197 Download
  • 22 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
The Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP) is a population-based longitudinal study of health determinants among elderly Koreans. The target population of the KSHAP are people aged 60 years or older and their spouses living in a rural community of Korea. A complete enumeration survey was conducted in the first wave of the KSHAP on 94.7% (814 of 860) of the target population between December 2011 and July 2012. The KSHAP-Health Examination (KSHAP-HE) cohort consists of 698 people who completed additional health examinations at a public health center (n=533) or at their home (n=165). Face-to-face questionnaires were used to interview participants on their demographics, social network characteristics, medical history, health behaviors, cognitive function, and depression symptoms. Health center examinations included anthropometric measures, body impedance analysis, resting blood pressure measurement, radial artery tonometry, bone densitometry, the timed up-and-go test, and fasting blood analysis. However, only anthropometric measures, blood pressure measurement, and non-fasting blood analysis were available for home health examinations. Collaboration is encouraged and access to the KSHAP baseline data will be available via the website of the Korean Social Science Data Archive (http://www.kossda.or.kr).
Summary
Korean summary
한국인의 사회적 삶, 건강과 노화에 대한 조사(Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, KSHAP) 연구는 노인 건강의 사회적 결정요인과 그 상호작용을 평가하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이를 위하여 사회연결망분석(social network analysis) 기법을 도입하였다. 사회연결망분석은 개인간의 관계를 네트워크로 파악하는 개념으로, 본 연구에서는 지역사회 전체의 사회연결망 안에서 개인의 특성 및 개인간 상호작용의 특성이 신체적 정신적 건강에 미치는 영향을 연구하고자 한다. 대상인구집단은 인천광역시 강화군 일개 면 지역의 60세 이상 인구 및 그 배우자이며, 전체 860명의 모집단에서 814명(94.7%)의 건강면접조사 및 사회연결망 분석을 완료하였으며, 이 가운데 보건지소(533명) 또는 가정(165명)에서 추가 건강검진을 수행한 698명을 대상으로 KSHAP-Health Examination (KSHAP-HE) 코호트를 구축하였다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Distinct neuroanatomical correlates of interference-related verbal episodic memory test in healthy older adults
    Seyul Kwak, Hairin Kim, Jeanyung Chey
    Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition.2024; 31(1): 97.     CrossRef
  • A Prospective Sociocentric Study of 2 Entire Traditional Korean Villages: The Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP)
    Jiwon Baek, Ekaterina Baldina, Kiho Sung, Sung-Ha Lee, Nicholas A Christakis, Peter Bearman, Hyeon Chang Kim, Sang Hui Chu, Eun Lee, Yeong-Ran Park, Jeanyung Chey, Youn-Hee Choi, Dohoon Lee, Yoosik Youm
    American Journal of Epidemiology.2024; 193(2): 241.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Cognitive Impairment on the Association Between Social Network Properties and Mortality Among Older Korean Adults
    Eunji Kim, Kiho Sung, Chang Oh Kim, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(1): 31.     CrossRef
  • Association of group-level segregation with cardiovascular health in older adults: an analysis of data from the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project
    Sung-Ha Lee, Hyeok-Hee Lee, Kiho Sung, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023041.     CrossRef
  • Neural and social correlates of attitudinal brokerage: using the complete social networks of two entire villages
    Yoosik Youm, Junsol Kim, Seyul Kwak, Jeanyung Chey
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.2021; 288(1944): 20202866.     CrossRef
  • More Teeth and Posterior Balanced Occlusion Are a Key Determinant for Cognitive Function in the Elderly
    Taejun Park, Yun-Sook Jung, Keunbada Son, Yong-Chul Bae, Keun-Bae Song, Atsuo Amano, Youn-Hee Choi
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(4): 1996.     CrossRef
  • Social connectedness and hair cortisol in community-dwelling older adults
    Sung-Ha Lee, Ekaterina Baldina, Eun Lee, Yoosik Youm
    Comprehensive Psychoneuroendocrinology.2021; 6: 100053.     CrossRef
  • Distributed functional connectivity predicts neuropsychological test performance among older adults
    Seyul Kwak, Hairin Kim, Hoyoung Kim, Yoosik Youm, Jeanyung Chey
    Human Brain Mapping.2021; 42(10): 3305.     CrossRef
  • Association between masticatory function and cognitive impairment in the elderly
    Taejun Park, Hyojin Heo, Min-Jeong Cho, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm, Keun-Bae Song, Youn-Hee Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.2021; 45(2): 57.     CrossRef
  • Gender role stereotypes, patriarchal attitudes, and cognitive function in the elderly rural Korean population: a cross-sectional study
    Hye Rin Choi, Byeonggwan Ha, Ye Jin Jeon, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim, Sun Jae Jung
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021023.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of and factors related with abnormal fundoscopic findings among the elderly population in a rural community in South Korea
    Hye Rin Choi, Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Jung Hyun Lee, Seung Won Lee, Jongmin Baek, Kwanghyun Kim, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Seminars in Ophthalmology.2020; 35(1): 41.     CrossRef
  • Gender differences in social network of cognitive function among community‐dwelling older adults
    Sungwon Lee, Seungwon Lee, Eun Lee, Yoosik Youm, Hyun Sang Cho, Woo Jung Kim
    Geriatrics & Gerontology International.2020; 20(5): 467.     CrossRef
  • Social Activities and Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Older Adults in South Korea: A 4-Year Longitudinal Analysis
    JiYeon Choi, Kyeongra Yang, Sang Hui Chu, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yeong-Ran Park, Youn-Jung Son
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(15): 5553.     CrossRef
  • Similarity in functional brain connectivity at rest predicts interpersonal closeness in the social network of an entire village
    Ryan Hyon, Yoosik Youm, Junsol Kim, Jeanyung Chey, Seyul Kwak, Carolyn Parkinson
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.2020; 117(52): 33149.     CrossRef
  • Associations of systemic inflammation with frontotemporal functional network connectivity and out-degree social-network size in community-dwelling older adults
    Minji Bang, Junsol Kim, Suk Kyoon An, Yoosik Youm, Jeanyung Chey, Hyeon Chang Kim, Kyungmee Park, Kee Namkoong, Eun Lee
    Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.2019; 79: 309.     CrossRef
  • Association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) concentrations among the elderly in a rural community: a cross-sectional study
    Hye Rin Choi, Seung Won Lee, Da-Hye Jeon, Nam Wook Hur, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim
    BMC Geriatrics.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cohort profile: Korean Urban Rural Elderly (KURE) study, a prospective cohort on ageing and health in Korea
    Namki Hong, Kwang-Joon Kim, Su Jin Lee, Chang Oh Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Jin-Young Choi, Hyun-Young Park
    BMJ Open.2019; 9(10): e031018.     CrossRef
  • Is the Relationship between Depression and C Reactive Protein Level Moderated by Social Support in Elderly?-Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP)
    Nam Wook Hur, Hyeon Chang Kim, Linda Waite, Yoosik Youm
    Psychiatry Investigation.2018; 15(1): 24.     CrossRef
  • Association between vitamin D status and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) concentration in the Korean elderly population
    Hye Rin Choi, Seung Won Lee, Hyungseon Yeom, Da-Hye Jeon, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm
    Maturitas.2017; 102: 13.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Insomnia among the Elderly in a Korean Rural Community
    Woo Jung Kim, Won-tak Joo, Jiwon Baek, Sung Yun Sohn, Kee Namkoong, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yeong-Ran Park, Sang Hui Chu, Eun Lee
    Psychiatry Investigation.2017; 14(4): 400.     CrossRef
  • Association between C reactive protein level and depressive symptoms in an elderly Korean population: Korean Social Life, Health and Aging Project
    B. M. Song, J.-M. Lee, W. Choi, Y. Youm, S. H. Chu, Y.-R. Park, H. C. Kim
    BMJ Open.2015; 5(2): e006429.     CrossRef
  • Social network properties and self-rated health in later life: comparisons from the Korean social life, health, and aging project and the national social life, health and aging project
    Yoosik Youm, Edward O Laumann, Kenneth F Ferraro, Linda J Waite, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yeong-Ran Park, Sang Hui Chu, Won-tak Joo, Jin A Lee
    BMC Geriatrics.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Article
Association of Lifestyle and Hypertension in Rural Population.
Byung Mann Cho
Korean J Epidemiol. 1998;20(1):51-59.
  • 5,864 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
To evaluate the association of individual health-related lifestyle and hypertension in rual population, data from a population sample of 633(257 men and 376 women) aged 40 years and older and residing in a rural area were analyxed cross-sectionally. The data had been collected by personal interview using structured questionnaire during August 1996. In multivariate analysis, adjusted prevalence rate ration of bypertension increased significantly with increasing amount of coffee drinkin(cups/day) in men(p=0.029) and body mass indes(kh/m2) in women(p=0.013). The level of perceiving his or her own health status was a positive correlate of hypertension in men(p=0.034) and women(p=0.107). Thus, in this population hypertension appears to be associated with coffee drinking in men, body mass index in women and the proportion of awareness of his or her own hypertension seems to be low.
Summary

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health