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Epidemiol Health > Accepted Articles
Epidemiology and Health 2018;e2018013.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2018013    [Accepted] Published online April 10, 2018.
Road Dust and It's Effect on Human Health: A literature Review
Raihan K Khan1  , Mark A Strand2 
1West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States
2North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, United States
Correspondence  Raihan K Khan ,Tel: +17017291631, Fax: +13042936685, Email: raihan@raihan-khan.org
Submitted: February 26, 2018  Accepted after revision: April 10, 2018
Abstract
Objectives:
The purpose of this study was to determine effects of road dust on human health.
Method:
A PubMed search was used to extract references that included the words Road Dust and Health, Fugitive Dust and Health in the title or abstract. A total of 45 references were extracted and selected for the literature review after the primary screening of 949 articles.
Results:
Respiratory organ system was found to be the most affected system in human body. Among the elements, Lead (Pb), Platinum group elements (Pt, Rd, Bh), Aluminium (Al), Zinc (Zn), Vanadium (V) and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) were more frequently referenced in the articles reviewed. Road dust was found to have harmful effects on human body, especially on the respiratory system.
Conclusions:
To determine the complex mechanism of action of various components of road dust on the human body and the associated results of that action, the authors recommended the need for more a meta-analysis, and an extensive risk assessment research into the health impact of dust exposure.
Keywords: Dust; Particulate Matter; Review Literature as Topic; Respiratory system; Risk Assessment
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