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Epidemiol Health > Accepted Articles
Korean Journal of Epidemiology 2017;e2017033.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017033    [Accepted] Published online July 25, 2017.
Suggestions on Improvement of Infectious Disease Law and Regulations
Mijeong Park 
Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Mijeong Park ,Tel: +82-2-3668-7354, Fax: +82-2-745-8195, Email: apotre@snu.ac.kr
Submitted: June 20, 2017  Accepted after revision: July 25, 2017
Abstract
Purpose:
The study’s perspective is through examining an enactment for the New amendment for legislation, to make proposals for a more rational and concrete basis in the interpretation and application of the Korean legal regime in global infectious disease emergency situations.
Method:
The Republic of Korea reported its first laboratory-confirmed case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) on 20 May 2015. Since the first index case, Korean public health authorities enforced many public health measures that were not authorized in the law. It is because the scope of the current law was too limited to cover MERS. Korea has three levels of government: the central government, special self-governing provinces, and Si/Gun/Gu, but the Infectious Disease Control and Prevention Act does not distinguish among the roles of each level of government and does not state how these governments should be vertically integrated in a state of emergency.
Results:
When thinking about these policy questions, we should be especially concerned about in introducing a new Act that deals with all matters relevant to emerging infectious diseases. As a result to come up with a structure that specifies the roles of each level of government and facilitates the close collaboration among them through to establish role as basic law taking advantage of the law about prevention and response of infectious disease.
Conclusions:
To address this problem, after analyze in terms of national healthcare infrastructure along with the characteristics of new infectious diseases.
Keywords: Infectious Disease Control and Prevention Act; Infectious Disease Response; Middle East Respiratory Syndrome; Epidemiology; Human Rights; Governance


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