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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 1982;4(1): 113-132.
원자력병원을 방문한(16년간) 암환자의 특성에 관한 연구
김진용, 심연경, 윤택구, 김용구, 강대웅, 박기복
Studies on cancer patients of cancer research hospital
J.Y Kim, Y.K Shim, T.K Yun, Y.K Kim, T.W. Kang, K.B Park
Abstract
All cancer cases were analysed from medical record registered in Cancer Research Hospital (CRH) for the period of 1963-1969, in order to obtain useful data for future studies. The ICD-O (WHO, 1976) was used for classification of histological type and anatomical site of cancer. The results were as follows: 1. Among all the new patients (12105), patients with malignant neoplasms were 48.9%, and with benign neoplasms were 4.0%. There were 1.8% patients who were diagnosed as having neoplasms, but unable to specify its nature. 2. Among all cancer patients, the age group of 45-54 was the most frequent comprising, 29.8% in male and 31.2% in female. The male: female was 1:1.6. 3. A 75.4 percent of all the cases was confirmed by microscopic examination, but the percentage varied a lot by anatomical sites. 4. Among all the cases, 33.7 percent was diagnosed in other institutions but not treated, 38.7 percent was diagnosed and treated in other institutions, and only 27.1 percent was the patients who visited CRH for the first time. 5. Stomach, larynx, lung, lymphnode, nasal cavity and liver for male, and cervix uteri, breast, stomach, thyroid gland, nasal cavity, and ovary for female were the most frequently involved sites. 6. According to histological types, adenocarinoma in stomach cancer (81.6%) and squamous cell carcinoma in cervix uteri (94.4%) were most frequent. 7. Among the cases initially diagnosed and/or treated in CRH, in-situ cases were only 0.4 percent. 8. The most frequently used initial treatment in CRH was radiation method alone (58.2%). Among all the cases confirmed malignant neoplasms in CRH, 32.9 percent of the patients never come back to the institute. 9. The cases traced to death were 146 or 4.1 percent of all patients initially diagnosed and/or CRH.


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