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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 1980;2(1): 53-81.
우리나라에서 발생한 엘 톨 콜레라의 역학적 고찰
이정애, 김정순
A review study on epidemiological characteristics of EI Tor cholera epidemics in Korea
Joung Ae Lee, Joung Soon Kim
Abstract
El Tor Cholera epidemics have been reported 5 times in Korea since 1963(1963, 1964, 1969, 1970 and 1980). In order to determine the epidemiological patterns of the disease, 91 research papers were reviewed. The results summerized are as follows: 1) The incidence rate and the mortality rates were higher in old age group than those of young age group. Those rates of males were higher than those of females. 2) The fatality rates in recent epidemics have been lower than those of old ones. 3) The range of epidemic periods was 1-3 months. All the reported epidemics were spread nation wide besides the epidemic of 1964. The routes of transmission of the epidemics were not confirmed 4) The average duration of illness was 3-4 days, and the average duration of excretion of El Tor Cholera Vibrio was 3.3-6 days. 5) The causative organism of all epidemics was El Tor in biotype and ogawa in serotype, but that of the epidemic of 1980 was Inada in serotype. 6) Many problems in control measures and management of communicable disease were identified and discussed. It is recommended that the government concered with health of the people should be prepared to better manage communicable disease effectively.


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