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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 1992;14(1): 70-78.
The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen among Korean byliterature review.
Byung Yeol Chun, Mi Kyeong Lee, Yun Kyeong Rho
Abstract
This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of HBsAg in Korea by systematic reviewing the literature on HBsAg prevalence, published during the period of 1980-1989. We analyzed the result of 74 studies by serologic tests, age, sex, and characteristics of study subjects and summarized. The average prevalence rate of HBsAg was 7.95±2.97% or 7.25% considering the size of the study population. The prevalence rate of HBsAg in male (9.11%) was higher than that in female(7.13%). The prevalence of HBsAg was 6.21% in the age group of 0-9 years, 7.00% in the age group of 10-19 years, 8.69% in twenties, 8.83% in thirties, 8.34% in forties, 5.81% in fifties, and 4.39% in sixties or over. The prevalence of HBsAg was increased with age at a peak in thirties and was decreased thereafter. The prevalence of HBsAg was 5.67% in students, 6.57% in pregnant women, 8.83% in the population of community, and 16.62 % in the high risk children such as orphans and mentally retarded children.


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