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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 1997;19(1): 22-28.
Laboratory Based Surveillance System of Communicable Disease in Korea.
Bok Kwon Lee
Lab of Epidemiology, Department of Microbiology, NationalInstitute of Health, Korea.
Abstract
Since the communicable disease trend changes rapidly, many nations have developed communicable disease surveillance system according to their system. Among the surveillance, the laboratory based surveillance system has been particulary important for epidemiological analysis of various communicable diseases. Some communicable diseases, such as salmonellosis and shigellosis can be monitored accurately only through the laboratory based surveillance system because of the nonspecificity of the clinical syndrome. And clinical surveillance data are confirmed with laboratory findings can have substantial impacts of reporting rate and can increase the reliablity of survillance data. The current communicable disease surveillance system in Korea is notitiable disease report system and has problems in representativeness of reports and reporting rate. The object of this study is to find problems of present laboratory based surveillance system in Korea and to suggest implementation strategies.
Keywords: Communicable Disease; Laboratory Based Surveillance System; Epidemiological Surveillance; Communicable Disease Report


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