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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 2000;22(2): 171-171.
Development of Stress Measurement Tools in Korean Dental Laboratory Technicians.
Ji Hwan Kim, Won Chul Lee, Kang Sook Lee, Chul Lee, Kinam Jin
1Department of Dental Technology, College of Health Science,Korea University.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, The Catholic Universityof Korea College of Medicine.
3Department of Psychiatry, The Catholic University of KoreaCollege of Medicine.
4Department of Health Administration, Yonsei UniversityCollege of Health Science.
Abstract
PURPOSE:
This study was performed to develop a proper self-administered survey instrument which can be used to measure psychiatric stress symptoms in Korean dental laboratory technicians, and to investigate the relationship between the symptom dimensions and stress inducing factors, such as psychological distress, stress inducing overload, work demand, work procedure and so forth in them.
METHODS:
Prepared questionnaires were mailed to 1,000 dental laboratory technicians who were systematically selected. There were 786 responses to the questionnaires. All the data obtained were analyzed with SAS program.
RESULTS:
Fifty items for the stress symptom checklist for dental technician(SCLD) were selected after a pilot test, interviews and literature reviews. Stress symptoms were classified into the following 6 categories, i.e, somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, and hostility symptom. Factor analysis for validity was carried out for corroboration, using the SCL-90-R as a standard.
CONCLUSION:
SCLD had the reasonable reliability and validity. We believe that this study provides validity and reliability for new self-report questionnaire, it will make a significant contribution to assessment of stress symptoms.
Keywords: Dental technicians; Symptoms; Psychological distress; Stress
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