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Epidemiol Health > Volume 43; 2021 > Article
Epidemiology and Health 2021;43: e2021056-0.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021056    Published online Aug 17, 2021.
Accelerometer-measured stepping cadence patterns in Korean adults: an analysis of data from the 2014-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Geon Hui Kim1  , Hoyong Sung1  , Yeun Ryu1  , Jungjun Lim1  , Joon-Sik Kim1  , Hak Kyun Kim1  , Yeon Soo Kim1,2 
1Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
2Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Yeon Soo Kim ,Email: kys0101@snu.ac.kr
Received: Jul 1, 2021  Accepted after revision: Aug 17, 2021
Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
The aim of this study was to identify the stepping cadence patterns in Korean adults by using objectively measured accelerometer data to analyze the time spent in each cadence category by sex and age.
METHODS:
During the 2014-2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1,703 males and females aged 19-64 years provided at least 1 valid day of data (wearing an accelerometer ≥ 10 hr/d). The mean cumulative time and percentage per day in 8 cadence categories (0, 1-19, 20-29, 30-59, 60-79, 80-99, 100-119, and ≥ 120 steps/min) by sex and age group were calculated.
RESULTS:
Cumulative time and percentage per day decreased across the incremental cadence categories. Participants spent 360.08± 2.56 min/d in the non-movement cadence category and 361.50± 2.28 min/d in the incidental movement cadence category. However, they spent only about 18.1 min/d (2.1%) at ≥ 100 steps/min. Males spent significantly more time in the cadence categories of sporadic movement, purposeful steps, slow walking, and medium walking, but the other categories, except for brisk walking, had higher values in females (p< 0.001). The older age group spent less time in non-movement cadence categories, and the youngest and oldest groups spent more time at a higher cadence (≥ 100 steps/min) than the other age groups. Similar patterns were found in a subgroup analysis by sex.
CONCLUSIONS:
Korean adults spent most of their time at a low cadence and only a few minutes at a high cadence (≥100 steps/min); this trend was consistent across sex and age groups.
Keywords: Walking, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior, Accelerometry


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