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Epidemiology and Health 2019;e2019049.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019049    [Accepted] Published online Nov 29, 2019.
A systematic review of barriers and motivators to physical activity in aged adults in Iran and worldwide
Soudabeh Yarmohammadi1  , Hossein Mozafar saadati2  , Mohtasham Ghaffari3  , Ali Ramezankhani4 
1Department of health education and health promotion, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Department of health education and health promotion, Environmental and occupational hazards control research center, school of public health & safety, Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Correspondence  Ali Ramezankhani ,Tel: (+98) 21 22432040, Email: aramezankhani2018@gmail.com
Received: Jun 16, 2019  Accepted after revision: Nov 29, 2019
To identify and characterize the barriers and motivations of the physical activity for the elderly in Iran and other countries.
We searched six databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of science, Magiran, Scientific Information Database) from 2000 to end of November 2017, for aged 60 and over and physical activity or exercise and motivator and barrier keywords. Two reviewers performed the search, screen and quality assessment of the studies, independently.
Finally, 34 papers were included in the study. The most important barriers, based on the frequency of factors, include physical problems, having no companions, physical barriers to walking and the motivators include improving the physical condition, being social, and suitability of the physical environment.
The important motivators and barriers to physical activity are more related to the intrapersonal than interpersonal and environmental domains. According to the barriers and motivators for physical activity in the elderly, there was not much difference between Iran and other countries. Therefore, a general strategy could be designed to improve the physical activity of the elderly.
Keywords: Motivator; Barriers; Physical Activity; Elderly
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