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Epidemiology and Health 2019;e2019037.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019037    [Accepted] Published online Sep 3, 2019.
Epidemiological characteristics of HIV infected Korean: Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study
Yunsu Choi1,2  , Bo Youl Choi1,2  , Soo Min Kim2,3  , Sang Il Kim4  , June Kim5  , Jun Yong  Choi5  , Shin-Woo Kim6  , Joon Young Song7  , Youn Jeong Kim4  , Dae Won Park8  , HYO YOUL KIM9  , Hee-Jung Choi10  , Mee-Kyung Kee11  , YoungHyun Shin11  , Myeongsu Yoo11 
1Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
2Institute for Health and Society, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Applied Statistics, College of Business and Economic, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
4Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
5Department of Internal Medicine and AIDS Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
6Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
7Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
8Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
9Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
10Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
11Division of Viral Disease Research Center for Infectious Disease Research, Korea National Institute of Health, Cheongju-si, Korea
Correspondence  Bo Youl Choi ,Tel: 02-2220-0662, Fax: 02-2293-0660, Email: bychoi@hanyang.ac.kr
Received: Jun 27, 2019  Accepted after revision: Sep 3, 2019
In order to manage evidence-based diseases, it is important to identify the characteristics of the infected person in each country.
The Korea HIV / AIDS Cohort Study seeks to identify the epidemiological characteristics of 1,442 nationwide HIV-infected individuals (21% of HIV infected Korean in 2017) who visited 21 university hospitals nationwide. The descriptive statistics were presented using the Korean HIV / AIDS cohort data (2006-2016).
Men accounted for 93% of the total, and about 56% of all respondents said they experienced an acute infection symptom. According to the transmission route, the infection caused by sexual contact accounted for 94.4% of the total, of which 60.4% were sexually contacted with the same sex or both males and females. Participants repeatedly to decrease scores of depression and anxiety. Of the total participants, 89.1% experienced ART treatment. In the initial ART, 95.3% of the patients were treated according to the recommendation. The median value of CD4 cell count at the time of diagnosis was 229.5, and improved to 331 after initial ART. Tuberculosis and syphilis were 16.6% and 9.4%, and pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) was 26.7%. In the past history of illness, the sexually transmitted infectious disease showed the highest prevalence, followed by the prevalence of endocrine diseases. The highest reason for the termination was a loss to follow up (29.9%), and the withdrawal of consent (18.7%).
Early diagnosis and antiretroviral treatment should be done at the appropriate time to prevent new infections from occurring.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS; Communicable diseases; AIDS-related opportunistic infections; HAART; cohort study


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