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Epidemiol Health > Accepted Articles
Epidemiology and Health 2019;e2019036.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019036    [Accepted] Published online Sep 1, 2019.
Overall Health and Drinking Behavior Among Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women in South Korea
Eungyeong Kim 
Kunsan National University, Gunsan, Korea
Correspondence  Eungyeong Kim ,Tel: +82-63-469-1994, Email: egkim@kunsan.ac.kr
Received: Jul 14, 2019  Accepted after revision: Sep 1, 2019
Abstract
Purpose:
The purpose of this study was to assess drinking behaviors and overall health among pregnant and breastfeeding women and to compare those two groups.
Method:
This study used data collected from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) in 2015. Data obtained from 2,156 pregnant or breastfeeding women were analyzed for descriptive statistics, t-tests, chi-squared tests, and the Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results:
The study results showed that current drinking and alcohol consumption was higher among pregnant women than among breastfeeding women. Depression was twice as high among breastfeeding women than among pregnant women, and stress was much higher among breastfeeding women as well. Breastfeeding women also had lower subjective oral health and unmet medical needs than pregnant women.
Conclusions:
Although pregnant women who consumed alcohol were in better overall health than breastfeeding women, they were unable to stop drinking, which is risky and adverse health behavior that negatively affects maternal and fetal health. In order to reduce drinking among pregnant and breastfeeding women, there is a need to develop a tailored, standardized educational program and national guideline in order to reduce such risky behaviors among those women.
Keywords: Pregnant; Breastfeeding; Alcohol; Health Status
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