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Epidemiol Health > Accepted Articles
Epidemiology and Health 2019;e2019022.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019022    [Accepted] Published online May 26, 2019.
Individual and regional factors associated with suicidal ideation of Korean elderly population
Sang Hee Jeong1  , Byung Chul Chun2 
1Graduate School of Nursing, Konkuk University, Chungju, Korea
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University Medical College, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Byung Chul Chun ,Tel: +82-2-2286-1169, Email: chun@korea.ac.kr
Received: January 31, 2019  Accepted after revision: May 26, 2019
Abstract
Objectives:
The aims of this study are to identify the individual and regional characteristics that impact suicidal ideation among the Korean elderly population.
Method:
Using the data collected from the 2013 Community Health Survey, a multilevel analysis was conducted to establish an understanding of individual behavioral patterns and regional influences.
Results:
Of 77,407 samples, 11,236(14.5%) were suicidal ideation, with old people over the age of 60 years. Among individual factors, age, communication frequency with friends, religious activity, friendship activity, leisure activity, trust in neighbors, subjective stress level, depressive mood, and subjective health status were significantly associated with suicidal ideation. The results showed that the lower the region deprivation level, the higher is the suicidal ideation odds ratio. In terms of regional size, the most noticeable results were found in the rural areas.
Conclusions:
This study suggested that suicide ideation in the elderly is associated to the community factors such as regional deprivation index, as well as personal factors.
Keywords: suicidal ideation; elderly population; multilevel analysis; deprivation index; Community Health Survey


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