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Epidemiology and Health 2019;e2019033.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019033    [Accepted] Published online July 12, 2019.
Two cases of Cholera O1 in South Batinah, Oman, April 2019: Lessons learned
Zayid K Al Mayahi1  , Nasser Al Shaqsi1, Hamid A Elmutashi2, Ali Al Dhoyani1, Azza Al Hattali1, Khalid S Al Dhuhli1, Issa S Al Fulaiti3, Mahmood S Al Subhi2
1Disease surveillance and control Department, Al Rustaq, Oman
2Al Rustaq Hospital, Al Rustaq, Oman
3Barka Extended Health Center, Barka, Oman
Correspondence  Zayid K Al Mayahi ,Tel: 0096892823343, Email: almayahi96@hotmail.com
Received: June 4, 2019  Accepted after revision: July 12, 2019
Abstract
Cholera represents an ongoing threat to many low- and middle-income countries, yet even high-income countries still encounter cholera in some cases. The ongoing ability to rapidly detect these cases, implement infection control measures, and improve general hygiene in terms of the environment, water, and food are thus necessary to prevent or combat cholera outbreaks. The two imported and secondary cases reported here can be used to demonstrate broadly the areas which require improvement. These cases were missed at the primary health care stage, which should be the first detection point even for unusual diseases such as cholera, and absence of strict infection control practice within the primary care level is believed to contribute to infection in secondary cases. This report also encourages countries to ensure that rapid diagnostic stool tests are available to enable quick detection, as well as to provide information to people travelling to areas where cholera is endemic.
Keywords: Cholera; Oman; surveillance; rapid diagnostic test; infection control
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