Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
1 "History of medicine"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles
Review
Plague in Iran: its history and current status
Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Elizabeth Carniel, Ehsan Mostafavi
Epidemiol Health. 2016;38:e2016033.   Published online July 24, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2016033
  • 20,927 View
  • 311 Download
  • 25 Web of Science
  • 29 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Plague remains a public health concern worldwide, particularly in old foci. Multiple epidemics of this disease have been recorded throughout the history of Iran. Despite the long-standing history of human plague in Iran, it remains difficult to obtain an accurate overview of the history and current status of plague in Iran.
METHODS
In this review, available data and reports on cases and outbreaks of human plague in the past and present in Iran and in neighboring countries were collected, and information was compiled regarding when, where, and how many cases occurred.
RESULTS
This paper considers the history of plague in Persia (the predecessor of today’s Iran) and has a brief review of plague in countries in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region, including a range of countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
CONCLUSIONS
Since Iran has experienced outbreaks of plague for several centuries, neighboring countries have reported the disease in recent years, the disease can be silent for decades, and the circulation of Yersinia pestis has been reported among rodents and dogs in western Iran, more attention should be paid to disease monitoring in areas with previously reported human cases and in high-risk regions with previous epizootic and enzootic activity.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Intraspecific diversity of Meriones persicus (Rodentia; Gerbillinae), the main plague reservoir in Iran, and its connection to enzootic plague in Iran
    Ahmad MAHMOUDI, Ehsan MOSTAFAVI, Boris KRYŠTUFEK
    Integrative Zoology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Epidemiological Investigation of Yersinia pestis, Francisella tularensis, and Arenavirus Infections in Small Mammals in Northwestern Iran
    Ehsan Mostafavi, Roya Mohammadpour, Saber Esmaeili, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Mostafa Salehi-Vaziri, Ahmad Ghasemi, Mahdi Rohani, Ali Mohammadi, Sana Eybpoosh, Neda Baseri, Christiane Denys, Max Maurin, Violaine Nicolas, Aude Lalis, Jean-Pierre Hugot
    Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Plagued by a cryptic clock: insight and issues from the global phylogeny of Yersinia pestis
    Katherine Eaton, Leo Featherstone, Sebastian Duchene, Ann G. Carmichael, Nükhet Varlık, G. Brian Golding, Edward C. Holmes, Hendrik N. Poinar
    Communications Biology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Serological evidence of Yersinia pestis infection in rodents and carnivores in Northwestern Iran
    Saber Esmaeili, Parisa Esmaeili, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Ahmad Ghasemi, Ali Mohammadi, Amin Bagheri, Aria Sohrabi, Farshid Rezaei, Hamed Hanifi, Amir Hesam Neamati, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Ehsan Mostafavi, Vladimir L. Motin
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2023; 17(1): e0011021.     CrossRef
  • Retrospective analysis of dissemination of the 2.MED1 phylogenetic branch of Yersinia pestis in the Caucasus
    Galina A. Eroshenko, Alina N. Balykova, Konstantin A. Nikiforov, Yaroslav M. Krasnov, Lyubov M. Kukleva, Ekaterina A. Naryshkina, Alexander A. Kuznetsov, Nikolay V. Popov, Vladimir V. Kutyrev, Joel Mossong
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(3): e0283670.     CrossRef
  • Shi‘ite Islamic Religious Authorities and COVID-19
    Veronika Sobotková
    Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Paleogenomics of the Plague Agent and Prospects for Paleogenomic Studies in Russia
    G. A. Eroshenko, E. F. Batieva, V. V. Kutyrev
    Problems of Particularly Dangerous Infections.2023; (2): 13.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological Transition in Iran: The Rise and Fall of Epidemics in Iran After Islam to Before the Islamic Revolution
    Mohammad Sasanipour, Mahyar Mohebi Meymandi
    Epidemiology and Health System Journal.2023; 10(2): 100.     CrossRef
  • The surveillance of plague among rodents and dogs in Western Iran
    Saber Esmaeili, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Parisa Esmaeili, Zohreh Yousefi Ghalejoogh, Alireza Mordadi, Ahmad Ghasemi, Ali Mohammadi, Amin Bagheri, Aria Sohrabi, Mina Latifian, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Javier Pizarro-Cerda, Ehsan Mostafavi, Vladimir L. Motin
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2023; 17(11): e0011722.     CrossRef
  • Species of the genus xenopsylla (siphonaptera; pulicidae) as vectors of plague infection in its natural foci
    S. G. Medvedev, D. B. Verzhutsky, B. K. Kotti
    Паразитология.2023; 57(4): 267.     CrossRef
  • Diversity of bacterial pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance profile among commensal rodents in Qatar
    Md Mazharul Islam, Elmoubashar Farag, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan, Khalid A. Enan, K. V. Mohammad Sabeel, Maryam Mohammed Alhaddad, Maria K. Smatti, Abdulla Mohammad Al-Marri, Abdul Azia Al-Zeyara, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Hadi M. Yassine, Ali A. Sultan, Devendra B
    Veterinary Research Communications.2022; 46(2): 487.     CrossRef
  • Vector-Borne Diseases in Iran: Epidemiology and Key Challenges
    Najmeh Parhizgari, Norair Piazak, Ehsan Mostafavi
    Future Microbiology.2021; 16(1): 51.     CrossRef
  • Rodent Ectoparasites in the Middle East: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Md Mazharul Islam, Elmoubashar Farag, Khalid Eltom, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan, Devendra Bansal, Francis Schaffner, Jolyon M. Medlock, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Zilungile Mkhize-Kwitshana
    Pathogens.2021; 10(2): 139.     CrossRef
  • Modeling COVID-19 in Cape Verde Islands - An application of SIR model
    Adilson da Silva
    Computational and Mathematical Biophysics.2021; 9(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Cross-sectional seasonal prevalence and relative risk of ectoparasitic infestations of rodents in North Sinai, Egypt
    Doaa S. Farid, Nahla H. Sallam, Ahmed M. Salah Eldein, Essam S. Soliman
    Veterinary World.2021; : 2996.     CrossRef
  • El médico (2013): Medicina en la Edad Media
    Emilio Pintor Holguín, Nieves Martínez Alsina, Maria Josefa Gutiérrez Cisneros, Benjamín Herreros Ruiz-Valdepeñas
    Revista de Medicina y Cine.2021; 17(2): 93.     CrossRef
  • Wild Rodents and Their Ectoparasites in an Enzootic Plague Focus, Western Iran
    Ali Mohammadi, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Mohammad Reza Abai, Jamshid Darvish, Iraj Mobedi, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Ehsan Mostafavi
    Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases.2020; 20(5): 334.     CrossRef
  • Zoonotic implications of camel diseases in Iran
    Roya Mohammadpour, Mohsen Champour, Fateh Tuteja, Ehsan Mostafavi
    Veterinary Medicine and Science.2020; 6(3): 359.     CrossRef
  • Ancient familial Mediterranean fever mutations in human pyrin and resistance to Yersinia pestis
    Yong Hwan Park, Elaine F. Remmers, Wonyong Lee, Amanda K. Ombrello, Lawton K. Chung, Zhao Shilei, Deborah L. Stone, Maya I. Ivanov, Nicole A. Loeven, Karyl S. Barron, Patrycja Hoffmann, Michele Nehrebecky, Yeliz Z. Akkaya-Ulum, Erdal Sag, Banu Balci-Peyni
    Nature Immunology.2020; 21(8): 857.     CrossRef
  • Spatial modeling, risk mapping, change detection, and outbreak trend analysis of coronavirus (COVID-19) in Iran (days between February 19 and June 14, 2020)
    Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Soheila Pouyan, Bahram Heidari, Zakariya Farajzadeh, Seyed Rashid Fallah Shamsi, Sedigheh Babaei, Rasoul Khosravi, Mohammad Etemadi, Gholamabbas Ghanbarian, Ahmad Farhadi, Roja Safaeian, Zahra Heidari, Mohammad Hassan Tarazkar, Joh
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases.2020; 98: 90.     CrossRef
  • The Life and Career of Dr. Rasoul Pournaki, Eminent Researcher of Pasteur Institute of Iran
    Roya Mohammadpour, Ehsan Mostafavi
    Journal of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.2020; 8(2): 45.     CrossRef
  • A genomic and historical synthesis of plague in 18th century Eurasia
    Meriam Guellil, Oliver Kersten, Amine Namouchi, Stefania Luciani, Isolina Marota, Caroline A. Arcini, Elisabeth Iregren, Robert A. Lindemann, Gunnar Warfvinge, Lela Bakanidze, Lia Bitadze, Mauro Rubini, Paola Zaio, Monica Zaio, Damiano Neri, N. C. Stenset
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.2020; 117(45): 28328.     CrossRef
  • Helminth Parasites among Rodents in the Middle East Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Md Mazharul Islam, Elmoubashar Farag, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan, Devendra Bansal, Salah Al Awaidy, Abdinasir Abubakar, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Zilungile Mkhize-Kwitshana
    Animals.2020; 10(12): 2342.     CrossRef
  • Molecular Survey of Tularemia and Plague in Small Mammals From Iran
    Ehsan Mostafavi, Ahmad Ghasemi, Mahdi Rohani, Leila Molaeipoor, Saber Esmaeili, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Mansour Aliabadian, Anders Johansson
    Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Historical Report of Plague Outbreak in Northwestern Iran, 1966
    Roya Mohammadpour, Ehsan Mostafavi
    Journal of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases .2018; 6(1): 20.     CrossRef
  • Putting Africa on the Black Death map: Narratives from genetics and history
    Monica H. Green
    Afriques.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The fauna and perspective of rodentia ectoparasites in Iran relying on their roles within public health and veterinary characteristics
    Mousa khosravani
    Journal of Parasitic Diseases.2018; 42(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • A Field Study of Plague and Tularemia in Rodents, Western Iran
    Ehsan Mostafavi, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Alireza Japoni-Nejad, Saber Esmaeili, Jamshid Darvish, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Ali Mohammadi, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Behzad Pourhossein, Ahmad Ghasemi, Miklós Gyuranecz, Elisabeth Carniel
    Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases.2017; 17(4): 247.     CrossRef
  • Upsurge of Rodents’ Population in a Rural Area of Northeastern Iran Raised Concerns about Rodent-borne Diseases
    Ahmad Ghasemi, Saber Esmaeili, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Hamed Hanifi, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Mahdi Rohani, Ehsan Mostafavi
    Journal of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases .2017; 5(1): 21.     CrossRef

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health