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2 "Democratic People’s Republic of Korea"
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Original Article
A small window into the status of malaria in North Korea: estimation of imported malaria incidence among visitors from South Korea
Jisun Sung, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Ah-Young Lim, Jong-Hun Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2020;42:e2020068.   Published online November 21, 2020
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AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
This study aimed to develop hypotheses on trends in malaria incidence in North Korea using malaria incidence among South Korean visitors to North Korea.
The number of South Korean tourists who visited Mount Kumgang from 2000 to 2008 and the number of South Korean employees at the Kaesong Industrial Complex from 2005 to 2015 were obtained from the Korean Statistical Information Service. The number of malaria cases among South Koreans who visited North Korea was obtained from a previous report. The incidence of malaria per 100,000 person-years was calculated using these data and compared with the malaria incidence in North Korea derived from published articles.
A high incidence of malaria in 2001 and a sharp decline in the following years were observed in both South and North Korean data. Since then, North Korean data showed a relatively low and stable incidence, but the incidence among South Koreans visiting North Korea increased in 2006. Considering the trends in mass primaquine preventive treatment, floods, and economic growth rate, the incidence of malaria may have increased in North Korea in 2006. Since 2009, the incidence of malaria decreased gradually according to both South and North Korean data.
The trends of malaria incidence in North Korea could be reflected through its incidence among South Koreans who visited North Korea. For future inter-Korean collaboration aiming to eradicate malaria, we propose that a North Korean malaria monitoring system be established applying this method.
Korean summary
본 연구는 2000-2008년 금강산을 여행한 대한민국 국민과 2005-2015년 개성공단에서 근무한 대한민국 국민에서의 말라리아 발생률을 추정하여 국제사회에 보고된 북한의 말라리아 발생률과 비교 평가하였다. 향후 남북한의 교류가 활성화 되었을 때 북한을 방문하고 돌아온 국민에서의 말라리아 발생률 자료를 사용하여 북한 현지에서의 말라리아 발생률 현황 추이를 살펴볼 수 있을 것으로 보인다.
A new strategy for tuberculosis control in North Korea
Young-jeon Shin, Moran Ki, Nackmoon Sung
Epidemiol Health. 2015;37:e2015053.   Published online November 22, 2015
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  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Tuberculosis is one of the most prevalent diseases in North Korea. Despite some positive accomplishments by current aid projects, it is still necessary to investigate the existing aid system. The following are necessary for improvement: sustaining a high degree of expertise, cooperation among various related parties including the international community, mediation to induce this cooperation, a more active role of the South Korean government, and encouragement of North Korea to more actively participate. Achieving these will help solve the issues of current tuberculosis aid projects in North Korea and lead to more successful outcomes.
Korean summary
결핵은 북한의 주요 질병 중 하나이다. 기존 사업이 이루어낸 일부 긍정적인 성과에도 불구하고 북한 결핵사업의 문제들을 해결하고 성공적인 성과를 거두기 위해서는 기존 지원체계에 대한 반성과 함께 고도 전문성의 지속유지, 국제사회를 포함한 다양한 관련자들간의 협력, 이러한 협력을 이끌어낼 수 있는 조정능력, 남한정부의 보다 적극적인 역할, 북한 당사자의 참여유도가 필요하다.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Towards Understanding Tuberculosis-Related Issues in North Korea: A Narrative Review of North Korean Literature
    Chang-Jun Lee, Sungwhan Lee, Hee-Jin Kim, Young Ae Kang
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases.2020; 83(3): 201.     CrossRef
  • An Analysis of Infectious Disease Research Trends in Medical Journals From North Korea
    Do-Hyeon Park, Min-Ho Choi, Ah-Young Lim, Hee Young Shin
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2018; 51(2): 109.     CrossRef

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